Word-recognition training: Computer versus tutor

The effects of tutor-or computer-assisted word recognition (speech or voice) were assessed in a sample of third grade children. At pre-test, students' reading accuracy and fluency were evaluated on a training word list, generalization word list, and reading passages. Students were then randomly assigned to one of three group conditions—control (students practiced word lists alone), tutor-assisted, and computer-assisted—and given three training sessions. Results indicated that students practicing alone did not improve fluency, whereas both tutor-and computer-assisted groups significantly improved reading speed and accuracy on the trained list and reading fluency on some passages. Students who received word recognition training via a computer performed as well as students who received individualized tutoring. Importantly, the computer-assisted instruction required little teacher time or supervision.

Lewandowski, L., Begeny, J., & Rogers, C.
Reading & Writing Quarterly, Vol. 22, 395-410.
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Content Area: 
Grade Level: 
early elementary
IDEA Disability Category: 
emotional disturbance
hearing impairment
intellectual disability
major-other health impairment
multiple disabilities
orthopedic impairment
specific learning disability
speech or language impairment
traumatic brain injury
visual impairment
Instructional Support: 
multiple formats of text and notation
practice and reinforcement activities