Transforming text for at-risk readers

This chapter describes the development and use of electronic reading environments designed to provide at-risk or struggling readers with "supported text" text which has been transformed by inserting various types of embedded resources. It supports differentiation and inclusion by outlining and illustrating the major components of supported text, provides examples of electronic books containing supported text, discusses conclusions drawn from our experiences creating and using supported text with at-risk readers, and presents a theory of electronic reading.

Anderson-Inman, L. & Horney, M.
In D. Reinking, M. McKenna, L. Labbo, & R. Kieffer (Eds.), Literacy for the 21st Century: Technological transformations in a post-typographical world, 15-43. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Related Research
Content Area: 
IDEA Disability Category: 
emotional disturbance
major-other health impairment
specific learning disability
speech or language impairment
Instructional Support: 
electronic references and resources
multiple formats of text and notation