Speech recognition technology and students with writing difficulties: Improving fluency

The present study investigated the effects of speech recognition technology (voice recognition) and advance planning on children's writing processes. Fluent and less fluent writers, ages 11 to 14, composed 4 narratives, via handwriting and SR, both with and without advance planning. Less fluent children's handwritten narratives were significantly inferior to those of fluent children in terms of length, quality, and surface errors. For less fluent writers, SR (a) significantly increased the length and (b) decreased the surface errors of narratives. Although narrative length related positively to holistic quality, SR did not significantly improve quality. Advance planning helped children to compose more fully developed stories. For children with writing difficulties, advance planning and SR may each independently support text generation.

Quinlan, T.
Vol. 96, 337-346.
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Content Area: 
IDEA Disability Category: 
emotional disturbance
major-other health impairment
orthopedic impairment
specific learning disability
speech or language impairment
Instructional Support: 
alternate access devices and systems
multiple formats of text and notation