This study compared the effects of two computer-based writing tools (text-based "FrEd Writer" and graphics-based "Once Upon a Time") on the story-writing skills of nine students (grades four through eight) with language-related learning disabilities. Group results did not clearly favor either tool; however, individual differences suggested that use of computer-presented planning features should be linked to student needs.
The effects of text-based and graphics-based software tools on planning and organizing of stories
Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 29, 355-70.
IDEA Disability Category:
major-other health impairment
specific learning disability
speech or language impairment
organize and plan
National Writing Next Standards:
planning and organizing
English Language Arts: