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This report provides a comparison of the post-high school experiences of youth with disabilities in 1990 and in 2005, who had been out of high school up to 4 years. It examines how differences between the two time periods varied across disability categories and demographic groups and, when data are available, how these differences compared with those of youth in the general population.

Content Area: math, reading, science, writing
Grade Level: secondary, transition
IDEA Disability Category: autism, deaf-blindness, deafness, emotional disturbance, hearing impairment, intellectual disability, major-other health impairment, multiple disabilities, orthopedic impairment, specific learning disability, speech or language impairment, traumatic brain injury
English Language Arts:
Math

Reading rate is one of several attributes of reading having a bearing on how effectively and efficiently one reads. With the proliferation of captioned films and the tremendous undertaking of captioning television programs, reading rate becomes a critical issue. By adapting the scoring procedure of the Gates McGinitie Reading Test, speed and accuracy portion, the reading rates 185 randomly selected hearing-impaired students from residential schools for the deaf were obtained. These rates were then compared with the reading rates of hearing students and extempore speech.

Content Area: reading
Grade Level: early elementary, intermediate elementary, middle school, secondary, transition
IDEA Disability Category: deafness, hearing impairment
English Language Arts:
Math

In one investigation with 48 deaf and hard-of-hearing (hh) high school students and a second investigation with 48 deaf/hh college students, all viewed one lecture with an interpreter and one with the C-Print[R] speech-to-text support service. High school students retained more lecture information when they viewed speech-to-text support, compared to interpreter support, and when they studied note taker notes or a hard copy of the text after viewing the lecture, compared to no opportunity to study.

Content Area: reading
Grade Level: secondary, transition
IDEA Disability Category: deafness, hearing impairment
English Language Arts:
Math

A computer-assisted music-learning system (CAMLS) has been developed to help the hearing impaired practice playing a musical melody. The music-learning performance is evaluated to test the usability of the system. This system can be a computer-supported learning tool for the hearing impaired to help them understand what pitch and tempo are, and then learn to play songs thereby increasing their interest in music classes and enhancing their learning performance. The results indicated that CAMLS could enhance hearing-impaired students' learning performance in a music course.

Grade Level: birth to preschool, early elementary, intermediate elementary, middle school, secondary
IDEA Disability Category: deafness, hearing impairment
English Language Arts:
Math

Research on computer-assisted and video-based educational techniques has almost invariably found that these media have positive effects on learner motivation. This article presents a study of integrated computer technology which incorporates pace-controlled syntactic chunking in a captioned video presentation. The results indicate that a well-designed interactive video application can motivate, save time, and help address learner weaknesses, especially for students most in need of assistance.

Grade Level: early elementary, intermediate elementary, middle school, secondary
IDEA Disability Category: autism, deafness, hearing impairment, specific learning disability
English Language Arts:
Math

The study assessed the effects of near-verbatim captioning versus edited captioning on a comprehension task performed by 15 children, ages 7 to 11 years, who were deaf or hard of hearing. The children's animated television series Arthur was chosen as the content for the study. The researchers began the data collection procedure by asking participants to watch videotapes of the program. Researchers signed or spoke (or signed and spoke) 12 comprehension questions from a script to each participant.

Content Area: reading
Grade Level: early elementary, intermediate elementary, middle school, secondary
IDEA Disability Category: deafness, hearing impairment
English Language Arts:
Math

Recent legislation has made captioned television programs common technology; consequently, televised programs have become more accessible to a broader public. In the United States, television captions are generally in written English, yet the English-literacy rates among people who are deaf are low compared to hearing peers. This research tests the accessibility of television by assessing deaf and hearing students' comprehension of captions with and without visuals/video based on their ability to respond correctly to questions about the script and central details.

Content Area: reading, writing
Grade Level: birth to preschool, early elementary, intermediate elementary, middle school, secondary
IDEA Disability Category: deafness, hearing impairment
English Language Arts:
Math

This study examines the effectiveness of real-time captioning in improving the working memory of students with hearing disorders, similarities in the ability of subjects to recall written verbal materials, and variation of results between two- and four-line conditions.

Content Area: reading, writing
Grade Level: early elementary, intermediate elementary, middle school, secondary
IDEA Disability Category: deafness, hearing impairment
English Language Arts:
Math

The effects of tutor-or computer-assisted word recognition (speech or voice) were assessed in a sample of third grade children. At pre-test, students' reading accuracy and fluency were evaluated on a training word list, generalization word list, and reading passages. Students were then randomly assigned to one of three group conditions—control (students practiced word lists alone), tutor-assisted, and computer-assisted—and given three training sessions.

Content Area: reading
Grade Level: early elementary
IDEA Disability Category: autism, emotional disturbance, hearing impairment, intellectual disability, major-other health impairment, multiple disabilities, orthopedic impairment, specific learning disability, speech or language impairment, traumatic brain injury, visual impairment
English Language Arts:
Math

Many of the universal design features built into Apple hardware and software offer simple but powerful ways to support diverse learners' needs, both in classrooms and at home. This white paper provides an overview of educational technology policy and practice with concrete examples of how teachers, students, and parents can use Apple technology to make a difference for students with sensory and learning disabilities.

Grade Level: transition
IDEA Disability Category: autism, deafness, hearing impairment, specific learning disability, speech or language impairment, visual impairment
English Language Arts:
Math

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