Early spelling acquisition: Writing beats the computer

The study compares the spelling performance of 1st grade students learning to spell using three methods, by a) typing on a computer, b) manipulating letter tiles and c) handwriting.

Author: 
Cunningham, A.E., & Stanovich, K.E.
Year: 
1990
Source: 
Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol. 82, 159-162.
Type: 
Related Research
Content Area: 
writing
Grade Level: 
early elementary
IDEA Disability Category: 
major-other health impairment
specific learning disability
speech or language impairment
Instructional Support: 
multiple formats of text and notation