The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of five variables that are believed to predict rate of learning to read for second grade students. Rate of reading acquisition was investigated through examining students' early literacy growth trajectories. The variables that were examined were (a) research-based fluency instruction, (b) verbal and nonverbal intelligence, (c) phonological awareness, (d) alphabetic understanding, and (e) initial oral reading fluency.
Accelerating reading trajectories: The effects of dynamic research-based instruction
Dissertation Abstracts International, Vol. 63 (06), 2139A. (UMI No. 3055690).
birth to preschool
IDEA Disability Category:
major-other health impairment
specific learning disability
speech or language impairment
opportunities to learn concepts
practice and reinforcement activities
National Reading Panel Standards:
English Language Arts:
Reading: Foundational Skills
Reading: Informational Text